Faith and Philanthropy

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    American Jewish Philanthropy 2022: Giving to Religious and Secular Causes in the U.S. and to Israel Infographic
    (Indiana University Lilly Family School of Philanthropy, 2024-02) School of Philanthropy, Indiana University Lilly Family
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    Muslim American Giving 2021
    (2021-10-06) Siddiqui, Shariq; Wasif, Rafeel
    Muslim-Americans have been at the center stage of U.S. political and socioeconomic debates in recent years. Probably the reason being the fastest-growing demographics in the US, with around 1.1% of the U.S. population belongs to the Muslim faith as suggested by a 2018 Pew survey. Muslim-Americans are also one of the most racially diverse groups in the U.S., comprising African-Americans, Asians, Arabs, and Caucasians. Nevertheless, there is a lack of data-driven research about Muslim giving despite their standing. The data and findings from the Muslim American Giving 2021 Study are presented in this study. Muslim Philanthropy Initiative (MPI) at the Indiana University Lilly Family School of Philanthropy, IUPUI, in collaboration with the Islamic Relief USA administered this through SSRS. The study surveyed the sentiments of 2005 participants regarding donor behavior, volunteer work, faith customs, attitudes and practices on donation, uncertainty intolerance amidst COVID-19, financial welfare, and sensitivities involved in the donor’s decision-making process. SSRS surveyed from March 17 through April 7, 2021.
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    The Double Character of Cuban Protestantism and Philanthropy
    (MDPI, 2018) Goodwin, Jamie; Lilly Family School of Philanthropy
    In Cuba and the United States, Protestant institutions exist that are both reflective and nonreflective about their culture’s influence on belief and practice. The case of Cuba sheds light on how Christian churches and voluntary associations operate in an authoritarian regime. Despite the tension and enmity that have typified Cuba’s geopolitical relationship with the United States since the colonial days, cross-cultural Christian philanthropic partnerships exist. The “doble carácter” (double character) of Cuban Protestant churches has grown out of both collaboration with, and resistance to U.S.-style evangelicalism (Arce Valentín 2016). Adaptations of liberation theology, adopted among Cuban Christians, provide an influential counterweight to the mighty Western theological and philanthropic tradition (González 2012). The nature of this engagement influences Cuban civil society, the survival of the Cuban regime, and provides an extreme case for cross-cultural philanthropy worldwide. This socio-historical account utilizes the data collected from personal interviews with Cuban Protestant leaders, primary sources found in the library at the San Cristobal Presbyterian Seminary and Cuban theological journals, and a qualitative analysis of literature on Cuba, Protestants, missions, philanthropy, nongovernment organizations (NGOs) and civil society. View Full-Text
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    Multidimensional Perspectives on the Faith and Giving of Youth and Emerging Adults
    (MDPI, 2017) Herzog, Patricia Snell; Lilly Family School of Philanthropy
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    Moral and Cultural Awareness in Emerging Adulthood: Preparing for Multi-Faith Workplaces
    (MDPI, 2016) Herzog, Patricia Snell; Beadle, De Andre’ T.; Harris, Daniel E.; Hood, Tiffany E.; Venugopal, Sanjana; Lilly Family School of Philanthropy
    The study evaluates a pilot course designed to respond to findings from the National Study of Youth and Religion (NSYR) and similar findings reporting changes in U.S. life course development and religious participation through an intervention based on sociological theories of morality. The purpose of the study is to investigate the impacts of a business course in a public university designed to prepare emerging adults for culturally and religiously diverse workplaces. The intended outcomes are for students to better identify their personal moral values, while also gaining cultural awareness of the moral values in six different value systems: five major world religions and secular humanism. The study response rate was 97 percent (n = 109). Pre- and post-test survey data analyze changes in the reports of students enrolled in the course (primary group) compared to students in similar courses but without an emphasis on morality (controls). Qualitative data include survey short answer questions, personal mission statements, and student essays describing course impacts. Quantitative and qualitative results indicate reported increases in identification of personal moral values and cultural awareness of other moral values, providing initial evidence that the course helps prepare emerging adults for multi-faith workplaces.
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    Intergenerational Transmission of Religious Giving: Instilling Giving Habits across the Life Course
    (MDPI, 2016) Herzog, Patricia Snell; Mitchell, Scott; Lilly Family School of Philanthropy
    This paper investigates the research question: How do religious youth learn to give? While it is likely that youth learn religious financial giving from a variety of different sources, this investigation focuses primarily on how parents teach giving to their children. Supplementary data are also analyzed on the frequency in which youth hear extra-familial calls to give within their religious congregations. In focusing on parental transmission, the analysis identifies a number of approaches that parents report using to teach their children religious financial giving. It also investigates thoughts and feelings about religious financial giving by the children of these parents as a means of assessing the potential impacts of parental methods. Additionally, congregation member reflections on how they learned to give provide insights on giving as a process that develops across the life course, often instilled in childhood, but not appearing behaviorally until adulthood. As such, this paper contributes to a life course understanding of religious giving and has implications for giving across generations.
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    Emerging Adult Religiosity and Spirituality: Linking Beliefs, Values, and Ethical Decision-Making
    (MDPI, 2018) Herzog, Patricia Snell; Beadle, De Andre’ T.; Lilly Family School of Philanthropy
    This paper challenges the “spiritual but not religious” (SBNR) category as a methodological artifact caused by interacting two closed-ended survey items into binary combinations. Employing a theoretically rich approach, this study maps the multiple ways in which the religious and the spiritual combine for emerging adults. Results indicate that most emerging adults have a tacit sense of morality, displaying limited cognitive access to how moral reasoning relates to religious and spiritual orientations. This longitudinal study investigates efforts to raise moral awareness through: exposure to diverse religious and spiritual orientations, personal reflection, and collective discussion. Relative to control groups, emerging adults in this study display increases in moral awareness. We combine the results of these studies to formulate a theoretical framework for the ways in which beliefs, values, and ethical decision-making connect in expressing plural combinations of religiosity and spirituality. The implication is that direct attention to religiosity and spirituality — not avoidance of — appears to facilitate ethical decision-making.
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    Youth and Emerging Adults: The Changing Contexts of Faith and Giving
    (MDPI, 2017) Herzog, Patricia Snell; Lilly Family School of Philanthropy
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    What WorX: Measuring the impact of faith-based service and social justice programs on Catholic youth
    (2018-10-11) Osili, Una; King, David; Zarins, Sasha; Bergdoll, Jonathan; St. Claire, Mallory; Clark, Chelsea; Austin, Thad; Richardson, Ayana; Littlepage, Laura; Ackerman, Jacqueline; Kou, Xionan; Davenport, Alexis; Tian, Yuan
    The Center for FaithJustice (CFJ) offers innovative programs that engage youth in faith, service, and social justice. With the Indiana University Lilly Family School of Philanthropy at IUPUI, they developed a survey to evaluate their programs and measure their longitudinal impact on alumni in those three focus areas. This report will offer related insights on youth engagement and suggest how CFJ’s programs relate to larger trends of youth disaffiliation within the Catholic Church. This study examines survey results from alumni and parents of alumni of CFJ’s youth programs, which are collectively called the “WorX” programs. These include curricula for middle school students (ServiceworX), high school students (JusticeworX, New Jersey Service Project/NJSP, MercyworX, and CommunityworX), young adults (LeaderworX), and adults (FaithJustice Fellows and adult volunteers). The results of this study focused on CFJ’s three core areas of interest: faith, service, and social justice.
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    Religious Giving
    (2007-12-18) Rooney, Patrick
    Religious giving has grown every year in both nominal and inflation-adjusted dollars since it has been tracked by Giving USA in 1955. Even during recessions, religious giving has grown, but it has grown relatively slowly averaging only 2% per year over the last 40 years compared to 5% per year for total giving. Over the last decade religious giving has grown 2.1% per year vs. 6.5% per year for total giving. The result is that religious giving as a share of total giving has fallen dramatically from over one-half for many years to under one-third today. In spite of the fact that many talk of the Biblical tithe, the author finds that less than 3% of US households give 10% or more to religious organizations and only 8.3% give 5% or more of their income to religion (including the 2.6% who give 10% or more). The paper also finds substantial variation in average giving levels by various religious affiliations. However, virtually all of the major religious affiliations for which there was data in both 1987/89 and 2001, the author found religious giving as a share of income has fallen by between one-fourth and three-fourths and that most faiths have experienced a decline of approximately one-third. The paper finds that income and wealth are important predictors of how much households donate and that tax itemizers give more than non-itemizers, even after controlling for differences in income and wealth. Marrieds and those with more children give more to religion. Religious giving grows with educational attainment but does not vary by race or ethnicity after controlling for income, wealth, etc. Not surprisingly, those with a religious affiliation give more than those without and those who are unemployed give significantly less than those who are employed.