Antidiabetic thiazolidinediones induce ductal differentiation but not apoptosis in pancreatic cancer cells

Date
2005-02-28
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American English
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Elsevier
Abstract

AIM:

Thiazolidinediones (TZD) are a new class of oral antidiabetic drugs that have been shown to inhibit growth of same epithelial cancer cells. Although TZD were found to be ligands for peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma), the mechanism by which TZD exert their anticancer effect is presently unclear. In this study, we analyzed the mechanism by which TZD inhibit growth of human pancreatic carcinoma cell lines in order to evaluate the potential therapeutic use of these drugs in pancreatic adenocarcinoma. METHODS:

The effects of TZD in pancreatic cancer cells were assessed in anchorage-independent growth assay. Expression of PPARgamma was measured by reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction and confirmed by Western blot analysis. PPARgamma activity was evaluated by transient reporter gene assay. Flow cytometry and DNA fragmentation assay were used to determine the effect of TZD on cell cycle progression and apoptosis respectively. The effect of TZD on ductal differentiation markers was performed by Western blot. RESULTS:

Exposure to TZD inhibited colony formation in a PPARgamma-dependent manner. Growth inhibition was linked to G1 phase cell cycle arrest through induction of the ductal differentiation program without any increase of the apoptotic rate. CONCLUSION:

TZD treatment in pancre

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Ceni, E., Mello, T., Tarocchi, M., Crabb, D. W., Caldini, A., Invernizzi, P., … Galli, A. (2005). Antidiabetic thiazolidinediones induce ductal differentiation but not apoptosis in pancreatic cancer cells. World Journal of Gastroenterology : WJG, 11(8), 1122–1130. http://doi.org/10.3748/wjg.v11.i8.1122
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World Journal of Gastroenterology : WJG
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